.: Drug: Ibuprofen

Use: Ibuprofen is a commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that helps reduce pain, fever, and inflammation. It is primarily used to relieve symptoms associated with various conditions including headaches, dental pain, menstrual cramps, muscle aches, arthritis, and minor injuries.

Mechanism of Action: Ibuprofen works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are substances produced by the body in response to injury or inflammation. Prostaglandins cause pain, swelling, and inflammation. By blocking the enzyme responsible for prostaglandin synthesis, ibuprofen helps reduce these symptoms.

Dose: The recommended dose of ibuprofen depends on factors such as age, weight, and the condition being treated. Generally, the usual starting dose for adults is 200-400 mg orally every 4-6 hours as needed. However, it is important to follow the instructions provided by the healthcare professional or the instructions on the product label. It is advised not to exceed 3200 mg per day for adults.

Side Effects: Like any medication, ibuprofen can have side effects. Common side effects include stomach upset, heartburn, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, and headache. It can also cause more severe side effects such as stomach ulcers, kidney problems, high blood pressure, and allergic reactions in some individuals. Long-term or excessive use of ibuprofen may increase the risk of experiencing these side effects. It is important to consult a healthcare professional if any concerning side effects occur.

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