Estrogen is a category of hormones that play a crucial role in the development and functioning of reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics in both men and women. It is primarily produced in the ovaries in women and in smaller amounts in the adrenal glands and testes in men.

Estrogen is responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, promoting the growth and development of breast tissue, and maintaining bone strength. It also has an impact on mood, cognition, and cardiovascular health.

Common examples of estrogen include estradiol, estrone, and estriol. These hormones are often prescribed as part of hormone replacement therapy for menopausal women to relieve symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness.

Although estrogen is naturally produced in the body, there are also synthetic forms available in the form of medications or contraceptives. These can be used for various medical purposes, including treating hormonal imbalances and preventing pregnancy.

It is important to note that estrogen should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as it can have potential side effects and risks.

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