ACE inhibitors are a class of medications commonly used to manage high blood pressure and heart failure. They work by blocking the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which is responsible for the production of a hormone called angiotensin II. This hormone causes blood vessels to narrow and promotes the release of another hormone called aldosterone, which leads to fluid retention. By inhibiting ACE, these medications help to relax and widen blood vessels, reduce fluid retention, and lower blood pressure. ACE inhibitors are generally well-tolerated and have been shown to effectively reduce cardiovascular events and mortality rates in patients with heart failure or hypertension.

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