ACETYLCYSTEINE: Acetylcysteine is a medication used to treat various conditions such as acetaminophen overdose, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis. It is also sometimes used as a mucolytic agent to loosen thick mucus in the airways.

The drug works by increasing the levels of glutathione, a natural antioxidant, in the body. Glutathione helps protect cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species (free radicals) and other toxins. By replenishing the glutathione levels, acetylcysteine helps to protect the liver from acetaminophen overdose and prevents further liver damage.

Acetylcysteine is available in several forms, including oral solution, intravenous solution, and inhalation solution. The dose and duration of treatment depend on the specific condition being treated and should be determined by a healthcare professional.

Common side effects of acetylcysteine include nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. These side effects are usually mild and transient. Rarely, more serious side effects like severe allergic reactions (e.g., rash, itching, swelling) or difficulty breathing may occur. If any of these severe side effects occur, immediate medical attention should be sought.

It is important to note that acetylcysteine may interact with certain medications, including nitroglycerin and activated charcoal, which may affect its effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects. Therefore, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any other medications or supplements you are taking before starting acetylcysteine.

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